- 17,000 fewer children die each day than in 1990, but more than five million children still die before their fifth birthday each year.
- Since 2000, measles vaccines have averted nearly 15.6 million deaths.
- Despite determined global progress, an increasing proportion of child deaths are in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia. Four out of every five deaths of children under age five occur in these regions.
- Children born into poverty are almost twice as likely to die before the age of five as those from wealthier families.
- Children of educated mothers—even mothers with only primary schooling—are more likely to survive than children of mothers with no education.
- Maternal mortality has fallen by 37% since 2000.
- In Eastern Asia, Northern Africa and Southern Asia, maternal mortality has declined by around two-thirds.
- But maternal mortality ratio – the proportion of mothers that do not survive childbirth compared to those who do – in developing regions is still 14 times higher than in the developed regions.
- More women are receiving antenatal care. In developing regions, antenatal care increased from 65 per cent in 1990 to 83 per cent in 2012.
- Only half of women in developing regions receive the recommended amount of health care they need.
- Fewer teens are having children in most developing regions, but progress has slowed. The large increase in contraceptive use in the 1990s was not matched in the 2000s.
- The need for family planning is slowly being met for more women, but demand is increasing at a rapid pace.
HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 36.9 million people globally were living with HIV in 2017.
- 21.7 million million people were accessing antiretroviral therapy in 2017.
- 1.8 million people became newly infected with HIV in 2017.
- 940 000 people died from AIDS-related illnesses in 2017.
- 77.3 million people have become infected with HIV since the start of the epidemic.
- 35.4 million people have died from AIDS-related illnesses since the start of the epidemic.
- Tuberculosis remains the leading cause of death among people living with HIV, accounting for around one in three AIDS-related deaths.
- Globally, adolescent girls and young women face gender-based inequalities, exclusion, discrimination and violence, which put them at increased risk of acquiring HIV.
- HIV is the leading cause of death for women of reproductive age worldwide.
- AIDS is now the leading cause of death among adolescents (aged 10–19) in Africa and the second most common cause of death among adolescents globally.
- Over 6.2 million malaria deaths have been averted between 2000 and 2015, primarily of children under five years of age in sub-Saharan Africa. The global malaria incidence rate has fallen by an estimated 37 per cent and the mortality rates by 58 per cent.
Can we end hunger and poverty, halt climate change and achieve gender equality in the next 15 years? The governments of the world think we can. Meeting at the UN in September 2015, they agreed to a new set of Global Goals for the development of the world to 2030.
Beside of creating healthy societies by improving health of women, children and adolescents, I would also like to point out how and why business could support good health and well-being in well developed countries and economy!
- Cutting sick days by two thirds
Skanska UK saved £28,000 ($36,000) in 2015 in absenteeism costs, and reduced the green payback period of an office move from 11 to 8 years by achieving 3.5 times fewer building-related sick days alongside increased employee comfort and satisfaction.
- New healthy workplace is worth €42m
Heerema, the occupant, could see a €42 million net present value over 20 years due to increased productivity, staff retention, and reduced absenteeism, according to KPMG.
- Doubling call centre productivity
Saint-Gobain call centre staff in their new North American headquarters have achieved a 97% increase in sales-generated leads and 101% increase in leads per call since moving into the building.
- More collaboration and less absenteeism
Medibank, Australia’s largest health insurer, reports that 80% of staff are working more collaboratively, absenteeism is down 5% and two-thirds of staff report feeling healthier in their new office, which includes 26 types of workspaces, edible gardens and sports facilities.