SDG #7, Affordable and Clean Energy

SDG #7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
 
One of those goals, SDG 7, calls for us to secure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all by 2030.
Three months later, at the 2015 Paris Climate Conference (COP21), 195 nations negotiated an historic Climate Agreement— one that declared that not only do we need to stay “well below 2 °C” – we need to move towards a 1.5 °C world. Again, this was a united decision. On November 4th, 2016, the Paris Agreement on climate change entered into force. UN Secretary-General Ban KI-moon has called it “a new covenant for the future”.
Promises made must be promised kept.
Energy is central to social and economic well-being. Yet more than 1 billion people have no access to electricity, while over 3 billion people have to cook with polluting, inefficient fuels such as firewood. And without rapid progress on SDG 7, it will impossible to deliver on other SDGs by 2030.
So, what can You and your company do to increase the progress?
I would like to mention Sweden as a very good example of what can be done and how:
For more than a decade, Sweden has been in the top ten of the globally respected Environmental Performance Index produced by Columbia and Yale universities, with exceptionally clean air and clean water alongside its low emissions. There is still much to be done, though, and being one of the world’s wealthiest countries increases Sweden’s overall environmental footprint. It might seem an impossible struggle, but previous successes on everything from tackling acid rain to recycling show that environment and development can go hand in hand.
Energy use in Sweden is largely based on renewable energy. Thanks to cutting-edge technology and a wealth of natural assets, Sweden is in the front line as the world embarks on a shift to more sustainable energy systems.
Sweden has invested heavily in the search for alternative energy sources ever since the oil crisis of the early 1970s. In 1970, oil accounted for more than 75 per cent of Swedish energy supplies; today, the figure is around 20 per cent, chiefly due to the declining use of oil for residential heating.
Few countries consume more energy per capita than Sweden, yet Swedish carbon emissions are low compared with those of other countries. According to the latest statistics from the International Energy Agency (IEA), the average Swede releases 4.25 tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO₂) per year into the atmosphere, compared with the EU average of 6.91 tonnes and the US average of 16.15 tonnes. Sweden has found a way to reduce emissions while the economy is growing. (Click the link to read more).
The reason for this low emission rate is that 83 per cent of electricity production in Sweden comes from nuclear and hydroelectric power. Cogeneration from combined heat and power (CHP) plants accounts for 10 per cent of the electricity output in Sweden, and these are mainly powered by biofuels. About 7 per cent of the electricity comes from wind power.
Sweden currently has three nuclear plants with ten nuclear reactors in commercial operation, making it the only country in the world that has more than one reactor per million inhabitants. But nuclear power remains a topic which divides political parties in Sweden.
Sweden are also working with following :
  • World-class power market
  • Conserving energy in industry
  • Energy-efficient households
  • Companies investing in green energy
  • Large share of renewable energy
  • Fast-growing energy source
  • Ethanol research
  • Cleaner transportation
  • Electric cars

The fight for sustainability is global. Sweden still has some way to go, but the innovations being made, show that safeguarding our environment and developing society are part of the same challenge.
If you want to get inspired and be the change leader that you are, then read this useful links and start to act:

Facts & Figure 

  • 13% of the global population still lacks access to modern electricity.
  • 3 billion people rely on wood, coal, charcoal or animal waste for cooking and heating
  • Energy is the dominant contributor to climate change, accounting for around 60 per cent of total global greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Indoor air pollution from using combustible fuels for household energy caused 4.3 million deaths in 2012, with women and girls accounting for 6 out of every 10 of these.
  • The share of renewable energy in final energy consumption has reached 17.5% in 2015

 

Source: www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/energy

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